Successful reproduction is the basis not only for the stability of the species in their natural habitat but also for productivity of our crop plants. Therefore, knowledge on reproductive ecology of wild and cultivated plants is important for effective management of our dwindling biodiversity and for the sustainability and improvement of the yield in crop species. Conservation and management of our plant diversity is going to be a major challenge in the coming decades, particularly in the tropical countries which are rich in biodiversity. Reproductive failure is the main driver for pushing a large number of tropical species to vulnerable category. Available data on reproductive ecology on tropical species is very limited and there is an urgent need to initiate research on these lines. A major limitation for the beginners to take up research is the absence of simple concise work manuals that provide step-wise procedures to study all aspects of reproductive ecology.
The Manual fills this void. Over 60 protocols described in the manual cover the whole spectrum of reproductive ecology - study sites and species, phenology, floral morphology and sexuality, pollen and pistil biology, pollination ecology, breeding system, seed biology, seed dispersal and seedling recruitment. Each chapter gives a concise conceptual account of the topic before describing the protocols. The Manual caters to researchers, teachers and students who are interested in any aspect of reproductive ecology of flowering plants -- botanists, ecologists, agri-horticulturists, foresters, entomologists, plant breeders and conservation biologists.
Plants form a fundamental element of the biosphere, and the evolution of plants has directly affected the evolution of animal life and the evolution of the Earth's climate. Plants have also become essential to humans not only in the form of cereal crops, fruit, and vegetables, but in their many other uses in wood and paper, and in providing medicines. Their aesthetic importance too in our parks and gardens as well as in wildflower meadows and great forests should not be underestimated. In this Very Short Introduction Timothy Walker, Director of the Botanical Gardens in Oxford, provides a concise account of the nature of plants, their variety, their evolution, and their importance and uses, stressing the need and efforts for their conservation for future generations. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Australia enjoys a vast array of unique and fascinating plants that are not only vital to our ecosystem but provide a spectacular environment. This WILD AUSTRALIA GUIDE features up-to-date information on the state of our native plants and the importance of their future for all creatures. From ancient cycads to our national icon, the gum tree, to wildflower-carpeted deserts following rain - Australia's plant life really is stunning. This practical field guide opens the doors to this magnificent world, enabling the reader to identify plants by referring to the superb images and text that offers a wealth of information on habitat, ecology, propagation and our native flora's interdependence with our fauna. A valuable reference for your own garden at home, you will want to keep this handy whenever you're out and about in our wonderful outdoors as well. Steve Parish WILD AUSTRALIA GUIDES have a slimline and contemporary format with a flexible cover, making them attractive as well as convenient. The cover's gloss varnish protects the book when outdoors too, so it's perfect for stowing in the car's glove compartment or in your backpack!
This wonderful adult coloring book contains beautifully illustrated Mandala art based on overhead views of real world flowers. Mandalas are intricately designed geometric circles typically used for meditation. Each flower Mandala invites you to be creative and to add your own color combinations to bring the flowers to full bloom! There are 20 full page, fantastically drawn, original designs which are a treat for Flower and coloring enthusiasts alike, with a bonus of an additional 4 fantasy flower designs for added creative expression and enjoyment. The book is organised into four seasons (Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter) and takes you on a journey of flowers that typically bloom during those seasons. Each season header page can also be colored. The mandala designs are based on some of the following real world flowers: Dahlia Chrysanthemum Gloriosa Daisy Pansy BlueBells Dafodil Hyacinth Tulip Lillies Japanese Anemone And much more... Each original flower design has accompanying information such as country of origin and an interesting fact about the flower which all serves to further enhance your coloring experience. Each mandala drawing is printed on one side of the page to ensure you have a keepsake to display when complete. All levels of colorists are catered for, beginners to expert of any age. Complete with instructional tips on colors, coloring stroke techniques and coloring equipment that can be used. This coloring book is sure to help you forget your worries and release tension as you shade each mandala with colorful strokes to search for your own inner calm. Rediscover this low cost, stress relieving, relaxing and fun activity that is proving to be popular with millions of adults throughout the world!
This book presents a novel strategy to improve the outcome of maxillofacial reconstruction by combining evolving principles of neurophysiology and tissue engineering with an integrated surgical and laboratory technique. The objective of this book is to bridge the gap between the routine practice of maxillofacial surgery and theoretical laboratory science. The early chapters set down clear, specific treatment-planning principles that should be considered in every surgical design to optimize healing. Subsequent chapters detail the laboratory and surgical techniques that make precise skeletal movements predictable. This methodology is validated with comprehensively illustrated clinical examples, including long-term follow-up. This integrated approach to reconstructive therapy offers the potential to solve clinical problems that are known to be resistant to conventional treatments. Guided by this book, the reader will be able to exploit emerging biotechnical discoveries to establish a working model that can be applied to real problems affecting real patients.