Finalist for 2009 The Council on Botanical & Horticultural Libraries Literature Award!
A Comprehensive Guide Addressing Safety, Efficacy, and Suitability
About a quarter of all the medicines we use come from rainforest plants and more than 1,400 varieties of tropical plants are being investigated as potential cures for cancer. Curare comes from a tropical vine and quinine from the cinchona tree. A comprehensive guide to safety, efficacy, and suitability, Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of Latin America responds to continuing interest in medicinal plants and the potential remedies they contain.
Determine Which Species Can Be Used for Specific Targets
The author of Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook and CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, James A. Duke covers roughly 500 of the more important Native Latin American medicinal plants in a highly organized format. After a brief introduction, each entry contains scientific and colloquial names, synonyms, reference to illustrations, notes, biological activities, medicinal indications, dosages, potential hazards, extracts, and references. This format supplies a starting point for determining which species can be used for specific targets.
Better Data Helps You Focus Your Search
Year-round moderate temperatures, abundant rainfall, and rich soils make tropical Latin America home to nearly 100,000 of the world's 300,000 known species of plants, and therefore home to untold numbers of potential cures. Focusing on 500 of the most well-known and well-studied plants, this book helps you focus your search for ammunition against constantly evolving pathogens and newly emerging diseases.
Successful reproduction is the basis not only for the stability of the species in their natural habitat but also for productivity of our crop plants. Therefore, knowledge on reproductive ecology of wild and cultivated plants is important for effective management of our dwindling biodiversity and for the sustainability and improvement of the yield in crop species. Conservation and management of our plant diversity is going to be a major challenge in the coming decades, particularly in the tropical countries which are rich in biodiversity. Reproductive failure is the main driver for pushing a large number of tropical species to vulnerable category. Available data on reproductive ecology on tropical species is very limited and there is an urgent need to initiate research on these lines. A major limitation for the beginners to take up research is the absence of simple concise work manuals that provide step-wise procedures to study all aspects of reproductive ecology.
The Manual fills this void. Over 60 protocols described in the manual cover the whole spectrum of reproductive ecology - study sites and species, phenology, floral morphology and sexuality, pollen and pistil biology, pollination ecology, breeding system, seed biology, seed dispersal and seedling recruitment. Each chapter gives a concise conceptual account of the topic before describing the protocols. The Manual caters to researchers, teachers and students who are interested in any aspect of reproductive ecology of flowering plants -- botanists, ecologists, agri-horticulturists, foresters, entomologists, plant breeders and conservation biologists.
The European Garden Flora is the definitive manual for the accurate identification of cultivated ornamental flowering plants. Designed to meet the highest scientific standards, the vocabulary has nevertheless been kept as uncomplicated as possible so that the work is fully accessible to the informed gardener as well as to the professional botanist. This new edition has been thoroughly reorganised and revised, bringing it into line with modern taxonomic knowledge. Although European in name, the Flora covers plants cultivated in most areas of the United States and Canada as well as in non-tropical parts of Asia and Australasia. Volume I contains accounts of all the Monocotyledons, which includes those groups known informally as the 'petaloid monocotyledons' (the Liliaceae and Amaryllidaceae in the first edition, divided here among 17 families), the grasses and sedges (Gramineae and Cyperaceae), the aroids (Araceae) and the large and diverse Orchidaceae.
This book teaches how a prospective farmer can set up and manage either a small scale (or back yard) poultry farm or a big-time (or Commercial) poultry business with success - without any fear of loss. It clearly teaches in a simple way how to plug all holes through which losses are encountered in poultry farming. Even losses which farmers call ''mystery losses'' have been handled and solutions provided for all loop-holes. You will see how one the the mystery losses coming from snakes stealing into brooder pens at night to swallow young chicks has been handled. An interesting aspect is that of POULTRY ENGINEERING. Here the book teaches how to determine the best place to site or locate your intended poultry house based on land topography and other factors. It also teaches how to know the size of house to build, and what structural provisions should be made in its construction. It goes ahead to teach the farmer how to construct the various POULTRY EQUIPMENT needed, in case the farmer does not want to buy ready-made ones. The author, who is also a DOCTOR OF VETERINARY MEDICINE teaches the farmer how to prevent his flock from contracting poultry diseases and how someone can handle fowls that are affected by any of these diseases, including the very difficult ones like AVIAN INFLUENZA (Bird Flu) and avoid death from the disease, when handled early enough. Another interesting discovery in the book is the problem of Cannibalism in which fowls pick on the vent of an unfortunate fowl and pull out the intestines from there thus killing it. Many deaths can occur from this. Hitherto, farmers try to solve this problem through de-beaking of the birds. Now research has discovered that this problem can be easily and effectively solved through what is known as the'' OWL-LOOK Treatment''. In this, the side effects associated with De-beaking solution are completely avoided. You need to read this section to learn about this discovery. The book also has a section on TURKEY HUSBANDRY for the benefit of those who want to know how to rear turkeys successfully. At the end of the book, the farmer is taught how to keep vital records such as Income and expenditure Records, Health Records, Daily Balance Sheet etc. Samples of all these records are displayed in the book for the farmer to copy from. STUDENTS of Animal Science,Animal Husbandry, and Veterinary Medicine will find the book a great treasure to cherish all through their professional life.
This book describes the mechanisms of nutrient taken up by plants at the biochemical and molecular level. This is a new concept developed over the past 30 years, primarily due to use of modern technology developed in biotechnological research, instrumentation, modern computation facilities, bioinformatics, the large volumes of information generated by use of various 'omics' and of course the dedicated hard work of a large number of researchers.
Recent research indicates that nutrient uptake, its transport and redistribution in plants are under genetic control. There are groups of genes for each nutrient that encode transporter proteins whose functions are to acquire the specific nutrient from the soil and transport it across the plasma membrane of the root hair cells for use in plant metabolism. Deficiency or sufficiency of a plant nutrient induces different groups of genes to produce m-RNA transcripts for translation of transporter proteins. A large number of metabolic enzymes are up or down regulated in response to deficiency of plant nutrients. Morphological and metabolic adaptations in order to better acquire nutrients and use them frugally when nutrients are scarce in the growth medium can be observed in plants. Heavy metals, which are toxic to plants, induce different sets of defence mechanisms.
In 20 chapters, the book describes plants' uptake mechanisms for all the major, secondary and micronutrients, beneficial elements and heavy metals. References to research work quoted in the text are updated up to 2014 and included at the end of each chapter. Biotechnological approaches to improving nutrient use efficiency are discussed wherever such information is available. The structure and functions of transporter proteins involved in the uptake of nutrients are discussed. Additional information on some of the specific topics is provided in text boxes or as separate sections within the chapters. Lastly, the terminology used has been explained as far as possible in the text, mostly within parentheses.